The Peel Web
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The government's hand was probably forced somewhat by the 1847-48 cholera epidemic, which possibly also contributed to the Kennington Common Chartist demonstration. The legislatin followed the publication of Edwin Chadwick's Sanitary Report in 1842.
The 1848 Act was a half-way measure between the strict centralisation theory behind the 1834 Poor Law Amendment Act and local independence of the 1835 Municipal Corporations Act.
After 1848 odd bits of specific legislation were passed, but in 1874 Disraeli's government took over public health: the "Ministry of Sewage".
Provincialism was strong and people in the provinces resented centralisation. London's exclusion typifies local hostility.
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Last modified 4 March, 2016
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