The Peel Web

I am happy that you are using this web site and hope that you found it useful. Unfortunately, the cost of making this material freely available is increasing, so if you have found the site useful and would like to contribute towards its continuation, I would greatly appreciate it. Click the button to go to Paypal and make a donation.


Irish History - the Main Events 1893-1920

This document was written by Stephen Tonge. I am most grateful to have his kind permission to include it on the web site.


1893
  • The Gaelic league was founded by Douglas Hyde and Eoin Mac Neill.
1894
  • Foundation of the Irish Agricultural Organisation Society by Horace Plunkett.
1898
  • William O'Brien's United Irish League founded.
  • Irish Local Government Act set up elective county and district councils
1900
  • Reunion of the Home Rule Party under the leadership of John Redmond.
1901
  • Death of Queen Victoria.
  • Edward VII became king.
1903
  • Wyndham Land Act introduced.
1905
  • Sinn Fein set up by Arthur Griffith.
  • Liberals return to power in Britain.
1909
  • Birrell's Land Act increased the money available under the Wyndham Land Act for Land Purchase.
1910
  • Two general elections fought in Britain on the issue of the House of Lords.
  • Home Rule party hold the balance of power.
  • Carson became the leader of Irish Unionists.
  • Death of Edward VII
  • George V king of England.
1911
  • Parliament Act passed that abolished the veto power of the House of Lords. Bills can only be delayed for 2 years.
1912
  • Third Home Rule Bill introduced into the House of Commons, due to become law in 1914.
  • Solemn League and Covenant signed throughout Ulster.
1913
  • Formation of the Ulster Volunteer Force to resist Home Rule.
  • Irish Citizen Army founded to defend workers during the General Strike and Lockout that began in August.
  • Irish Volunteers founded in response to the Ulster Volunteers.
1914
  • Curragh Mutiny revealed the depth of sympathy for the Unionist cause among officers in the British army in Ireland.
  • U.V.F. land arms at Larne
  • Buckingham Palace conference failed to solve the impasse over Home Rule.
  • Irish Volunteers land arms at Howth.
  • World War One broke out.
  • ome Rule was shelved until the end of the war.
  • Irish Volunteers split.
1915
  • Military council of the I.R.B. formed (future signatories of the 1916 proclamation)
1916
  • I.R.B. decided on a rebellion, planned for Easter Sunday.
  • Rising began on the 24th of April with the seizure of buildings in the centre of Dublin.
  • Rising ended five days later and the main leaders were executed.
  • Massive change in public opinion
1917