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A Chartist Chronology

1829

May

The British Association for Promoting Co-operative Knowledge was founded in London

December

The Birmingham Political Union was founded

1830

September

Richard Oastler became involved in the Factory question in the West Riding of Yorkshire

1831

March

The Metropolitan Trades Union was founded

May

The National Union of the Working Classes was set up. Its meetings were held at the Rotunda in London

1832

June

The Reform Bill became law

December

The first General Election was held, under the new legislation

1833

August

Althorp's Factory Act was passed

1834

February

The Grand National Consolidated Trade Union was founded.

March

The Tolpuddle Martyrs were prosecuted

July

The Poor Law Amendment Act was passed

August

The GNCTU was dissolved

1835

September

The Municipal Corporations Act was passed

1836

April

The start of the financial crisis

May

The newspaper duty was reduced and ended the "War of the Unstamped"

June

The London Working Men's Association was founded

1837

January

The East London Democratic Association was founded
The Poor Law Commissioners started to implement the legislation in the north of England

February

The LWMA held its first public meeting

March

Birmingham petitions on 'industrial distress' There were also widespread complaints of distress from towns like Manchester, Nottingham, the West Riding and Scotland (see map)

April

The Glasgow cotton spinners went on strike

May

The Birmingham Political Union was revived by Attwood

May-June

Conferences were held between MPs and the LWMA about parliamentary reform

July

General Election. Many radical MPs were defeated

November The Northern Star appeared for the first time

1838

May

The East London Democratic Association changed its name to the London Democratic Association
The People's Charter was published in London and then in Birmingham
The Glasgow rally took place

June

The Great Northern Union was founded in Leeds and the Northern Political Union was set up in Newcastle

August

Birmingham rally

Late summer and autumn

Members of the General Convention were elected

September

The Manchester Anti-Corn-Law Association was founded

December

Carlton Hill 'moral force' resolutions were passed in Edinburgh

1839

February

The General Convention of the Industrious Classes met in London

March

The Anti-Corn-Law League was established as a national organisation

May

The Chartist Convention moved to Birmingham
The Rebecca Riots began in Wales

July

The Bull Ring Riots took place in Birmingham. Chartist leaders were arrested and the Convention returned to London.
The House of Commons rejected the first National Petition by 235 votes to 46 and the Chartists began to discuss 'ulterior measures'

August

The Bank Rate was raised to 5%

Summer

Many Chartists were arrested and subsequently imprisoned

September

The Convention was disbanded

November

The Newport Rising.

1840

January

The Sheffield Rising. Samuel Holberry was imprisoned

April

The Northern Political Union was reorganised in Newcastle.

Winter/Spring

Widespread arrest of Chartists

July

Chartist conference in Manchester. The National Charter Association was founded

Autumn

Attempts were made to create a Chartist-Radical Alliance in Leeds

1841

April

Lovett founded the National Association of the United Kingdom for Promoting the Political and Social Improvement of the People.
Feargus O'Connor took up the land question as a 'remedy for national poverty'

August

A general election was held and was a Tory victory. Peel became Prime Minister

November

Joseph Sturge took up the suffrage question

1842

April

The Complete Suffrage Union Conference was held in Birmingham
The Chartist Convention met in London

May

The House of Commons rejected the second Chartist petition by 287 votes to 49

July

The economic recession reached it lowest point. There were wage cuts and increasing unemployment

August-September

The Plug Plots (see map)

December

A conference of Chartist and Complete Suffrage representatives met in Birmingham. The Complete Suffrage Union collapsed

1843

March

Feargus O'Connor and other Chartists went on trial. They were acquitted on the main charges

September

The Chartist Convention met in Birmingham and the proposal of Land Reform was accepted. The Chartist Executive moved to London

1844

April

The Chartist Convention met in Manchester

August

The 'Northampton Debate' between Feargus O'Connor and Richard Cobden.

November

The Northern Star became the Northern Star and National Trades Journal and its headquarters were moved to London

December

The Rochdale Pioneers opened their Toad Lane store

1845

April

The Chartist Convention was held in London
Feargus O'Connor launched the Chartist Land Co-operative Society

May

The rules of the Land Society were published

September

The Society of Fraternal Democrats was founded

December

The Manchester conference on the Land Plan was held

1846

June

The Corn Laws were repealed
Peel resigned from office and the Whigs under Lord John Russell formed a government
  December The Birmingham conference on the Land Plan was held

1847

April

Financial crisis

  May The Ten Hours (Fielden's) Factory Act was passed
O'Connorville was opened

July

A general election was held and resulted in a Whig victory. Lord John Russell became Prime Minister and Feargus O'Connor was elected as MP for Nottingham.
George Julian Harney stood unsuccessfully against Palmerston at Tiverton and Ernest Jones contested Halifax

August

The Lowbands conference was held on the Land Plan

Autumn/Winter

Increasing unemployment

1848

February

Revolution in France
Marx and Engels published the Communist Manifesto

April

A Chartist Convention met in London and organised the meeting at Kennington Common which began the presentation of the third petition. This was laughed out of the Commons.

May

The Chartist National Assembly was summoned

May-July

Widespread provincial Chartist disturbances, large scale arrests and imprisonment of Chartist leaders

1849

June

A reform motion was introduced to parliament and was supported by O'Connor and Joseph Hume. It was defeated by 286 votes to 82

1850

January

Bronterre O'Brien launched the National Reform League. This led to open battle between Harney and O'Connor which culminated in the victory of Harney and the Fraternal Democrats on the Chartist executive

March

The O'Connorites launched the National Charter League

1855

August

Death of Feargus O'Connor

1858

February

The last National Chartist Convention

 
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Last modified 4 March, 2016

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