The Age of George III
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When Pitt took office in 1783, British prestige was at an all-time low in Europe because of the loss of America. Britain was also isolated diplomatically because of the European War (1778-82). This was militarily dangerous and economically a liability because there were few European markets for British goods. Pitt sought allies and tried to extend trade.
This was the first time a PM recognised the importance of the Middle East in relation to British power in India. It was here that the Eastern question began for Britain. Trade followed these alliances: Pitt's alliances followed Chatham's military power.
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Last modified 12 January, 2016
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